Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Burnt bone © 2000 Creswell Heritage Trust

Burnt bone

Bone fragments blackened by burning from Robin Hood Cave. Age uncertain

These fragments of charred bone from a large mammal are some of the best pieces of evidence to suggest humans were using the caves as camp sites for short stop overs. The charring could either have resulted from roasting meat on the bone or, the use of bone as a fuel in a largely treeless landscape. The bone was collected by Rogan Jenkinson from the excavation at Site A in the Western Chamber of Robin Hood Cave in 1981.

The few artefacts from this excavation are made from quartzite, a raw material which at Creswell Crags is particularly associated with Neanderthal use of these sites, this period is known to archaeologists as Later Middle Palaeolithic. However, a radiocarbon date for another piece of charred bone from this excavation gave an age of only 24,120 ± 380 years ago (OxA-6188), a time for which there is no other evidence for human use of Creswell Crags. This date remains difficult to interpret.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Quartzite, Radiocarbon, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic