Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Lynx upper jaw  © 2000 Creswell Heritage Trust

Lynx upper jaw

Upper jaw bone from Dog Hole Fissure. Early Post Glacial/ Mesolithic, 10,000 years old.

This fragment of the left upper jaw (maxilla) of a lynx (Lynx lynx) was excavated from Dog Hole Fissure by Rogan Jenkinson in 1978. The fissure was exposed due to a rock fall close to Dog Hole cave. The maxilla is dated to 9,500 years ago. The preferred habitat of Lynx is mountainous terrain with well-established forests on rocky ground. Woodland with a dense undergrowth and natural tree falls provides ideal hunting territory for this animal. The importance of this find at Creswell Crags is that it provides an indication of how quickly forest conditions had become re-established in the Creswell area after the end of the Last Cold Stage 10,000 years ago.

Lynx are medium sized cats with a shoulder height of up to 75 cm and a weight of up to 38 kg. They have tufted ears and faintly spotted flanks. Living off ground birds, hares and deer, especially roe deer, lynx are solitary nocturnal animals. Other records for lynx in the Creswell area have come from Robin Hood Cave, Langwith Basset Cave, Steetley Cave, and Yew Tree Cave. All of these specimens are undated. The precise radiocarbon date for this specimen is 9,570 ± 60 years ago (OxA-8737)

Glossary: Fissure, Habitat, Last Cold Stage, Radiocarbon