Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

Search View all
Charred hazelnut shell © 2000 Michael Reynier

Charred hazelnut shell

Mesolithic food remains, 9,000 years old. Nut shells from Marsh Benham, Berkshire. These are similar to nut shells found at Mother Grundy's Parlour, Creswell Crags.

Hazelnuts (Corylus avellana) were a common food in later prehistory. Charred hazelnut shells like these were excavated by C.B.M. McBurney from Mother Grundy's Parlour, Creswell Crags in 1960 and are held by Cambridge University. These museum specimens are just under 9,000 years old and provide a glimpse of people using the cave at this time. The lack of charred hazel wood suggests that these people were gathering hazelnuts for food rather than simply collecting fire wood.

The charred remains from Mother Grundy's Parlour have been dated directly to 8,900 ± 90 BP (OxA-3397) and 8,500 ± 110 BP (OxA-3396), the Mesolithic archaeological period.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backed blade, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Devensian, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Holocene, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic