Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Photograph of human jaw © 2000 Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust

Photograph of human jaw

Early Bronze Age jaw from a cave burial from Ash Tree Cave, 3,700 years old.

During the excavation of Ash Tree Cave near Whitwell, A.L. Armstrong found human remains. This is a photograph of a human jaw (mandible) he found in August 1949. It was part of a group of human remains including a collar bone (clavicle), spinal bones (vertebrae), and fingers and toes (phalanges). The jaw belonged to an adult male and is unusual in having sockets for only three, instead of four, front teeth (incisors). It is unclear whether he was born like this or lost an incisor in early life. The jaw is now stored in The Natural History Museum.

Slightly higher in the cave profile was a second deposit of human bones, those of a sub-adult male, covered by a pile of limestone slabs. A lower leg bone (tibia) from this group has been radiocarbon dated to the Early Bronze Age at 3,730 ± 90 BP (OxA-4446). This supports increasing evidence that early agriculturalists in the Creswell area were using caves for burial.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Radiocarbon, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic