Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Artefact drawings © 2000 Derbyshire County Council:Buxton Museum and Art Gallery

Artefact drawings

20th century drawings of Middle Palaeolithic quartzite artefacts found in A. L.Armstrong’s excavation in Mother Grundy’s Parlour Paper archive

A drawing by A.L. Armstrong, published in 1925, of five pieces of quartzite found by him at Mother Grundy's Parlour in 1923 and now in The British Museum (1937.7-12.6-9 and unregistered).

All of these were considered by Armstrong to be Middle Palaeolithic artefacts comparable to those found earlier by Dawkins, Heath and Mello in Church Hole and Robin Hood Cave and by himself at Pin Hole. However, only drawing N°3 is of a humanly made flake which may be Middle Palaeolithic. N°4 appears to be a thermally detached fragment from the outside of a cobble used either as a cooking-stone or hearth-stone. At Mother Grundy's Parlour heat fractured stone appears to have been particularly associated with the Iron Age use of this cave. The other pieces on this drawing have not been modified as a result of human activity.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Iron Age, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Quartzite, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic