Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Discoidal core © 2000 The British Museum

Discoidal core

Waste product from making flakes from Church Hole. Middle Palaeolithic, 60,000 - 40,000 years old. Made on quartzite cobble

This greyish quartzite core has been struck around its edge to remove small flakes which were presumably used as knives to butcher animal carcasses. The artefact, excavated from Church Hole, Creswell Crags, possibly in 1876, was made between 60,000 and 40,000 years ago.

This artefact is known as a discoidal core where flakes have been removed centripetally from around its perimeter, the most effective way of producing flakes from a flattened sphere. The face, not shown in this image, is too irregular for the successful removal of usable flakes and has been left unmodified except for the detachment of two flakes from its edge to help form striking platforms. Quartzite can be found locally to Creswell Crags in abundance within the Bunter Sandstone beds to the east. This artefact is Middle Palaeolithic and was part of the tool kit used by Neanderthal people.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Bunter Sandstone, Centripetally, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Quartzite, Retouch, Striking platform, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic