Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Woolly rhinoceros shoulder blade   © 2000 Creswell Heritage Trust

Woolly rhinoceros shoulder blade

Woolly rhinoceros shoulder blade from Pin Hole gnawed by spotted hyaenas. Last Ice Age, 50,000-38,000 years old.

This distal end of a shoulder blade (scapula) of a woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) was found by A.L. Armstrong in Pin Hole between 1924 and 1936. Gnawing by spotted hyaenas has destroyed all except the head of this large bone. This surviving fragment clearly shows their tooth marks. The abundance of gnawed woolly rhinoceros bone from Creswell Crags confirms that this was the principal prey of spotted hyaenas during the middle of the Last Cold Stage. This bone is part of a group of animals dated to between 50,000-38,000 years ago.

Armstrong found this bone in the lower (yellow) cave-earth, 19 metres (62') from the entrance and about 3 metres (10') below the surface.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Butt, Cave-earth, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Distal, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Last Cold Stage, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Proximal, Retouch, Sediment, Striking platform, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic

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