Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Chopping tool  © 2000 Natural History Museum, London

Chopping tool

Middle Palaeolithic tool from Robin Hood Cave. 60,000 - 40,000 years old. Made on quartzite cobble

This quartzite tool is the most heavily used artefact from Creswell Crags. It was found in Robin Hood Cave during the 1875 excavations. A sharp working edge has been formed by striking off small flakes. The small flakes removed might then have also been used as knives. This tool is likely to have been used for chopping and butchering animal carcasses. It is between 60,000 and 40,000 years old.

In addition to the removal of flakes around part of the perimeter of this artefact, its edge has been massively bruised from use as a hammerstone to knap other nodules of flint and quartzite during tool making. This pinkish quartzite can be found locally to Creswell Crags, occurring in abundance within the Bunter Sandstone beds to the east. This artefact has been is Middle Palaeolithic and was part of the tool kit used by Neanderthal people.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Bunter Sandstone, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Hammerstone, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Quartzite, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic