Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Excavation photograph © 2000 Sheffield Galleries & Museums Trust

Excavation photograph

Photograph by A.L. Armstrong in 1926 of the back leg bone of a wild cow and a flint blade in situ in Pin Hole.

Photograph taken by A.L. Armstrong at Whitsuntide 1926 during the excavation of Pin Hole. On the rear of the photograph Armstrong has written 'Creswell. Pin Hole cave. Bone of Mammoth with flint knife in the joint. Photographed in situ, before removal'. Recent identification has shown that this is a back leg bone (femur) of a wild cow (Bos primigenius).

Radiocarbon dates on other bones of wild cattle from the cave show them to be about 12,000 years of age. Newspaper articles written by Armstrong suggest that the flint blade was used as a knife to deflesh the bone. However, its association with this femur is quite possibly accidental. Sadly the flint blade is now lost.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Radiocarbon, Radiocarbon dates, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic