Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Tanged point © 2000 The Manchester Museum, The University of Manchester

Tanged point

Upper Palaeolithic weapon from Pin Hole. 30,000 - 28,000 years old. Made on a flint blade

This large, naturally pointed, flint blade was excavated by A.L. Armstrong on 12th December 1925 from Pin Hole, and is an unusual find for Britain. It dates from between 28,000 and 26,000 years ago. It is also known as a Font-Robert point named after a cave site near Brive in the Corrèze region of France. Despite its name and appearance, however, use wear traces on similar examples of the same age from Belgium indicate that they were used as knives, scrapers, piercers and gravers and not as projectile points.

Armstrong found this artefact within the upper red cave earth at just over 12 metres (40') from the cave entrance and about 1.5 metres (5') below the deposit surface close to the west wall of the cave. A careful look at the slender and slightly asymmetric tang at the bottom of the artefact shows that this feature has been created by steep chipping along both of its sides. Points such as these probably belong within the Early Upper Palaeolithic and are thought to belong to the Gravettian cultural phase.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backed blade, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Gravettian, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Projectile, Retouch, Scraper, Tang, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic, Use wear