Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Cheddar point © 2000 The Manchester Museum, The University of Manchester

Cheddar point

Point from Pin Hole made on flint blade. Upper Palaeolithic tool, 12,500 years old.

This flint blade was excavated by A.L. Armstrong on 30 May 1925 from Pin Hole. Blades which have been shaped to this trapezoidal outline are known as Cheddar points after Gough's cave in Cheddar Gorge, Somerset, where a large number have been excavated. It is about 12,500 years old. Patterns of damage on these artefacts suggest that, although referred to as points, they were in fact used as knives.

Armstrong records that the blade was found 10 metres (33') from the entrance and 0.5 metres (1'-6") below the deposit surface within the upper (red) cave-earth. The trapezoidal outline has been achieved by striking off small flakes to make the edges thicker and high angled, obliquely truncating each end of the blade. Between these oblique truncations, the shorter side has also been retouched. Cheddar points are the type fossil of the Late Upper Palaeolithic technology termed the Creswellian which is dated at Robin Hood Cave, to between 12,600 and 12,300 years ago.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cave-earth, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Retouch, Sediment, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic