Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Cheddar point  © 2000 Oxford University Museum of Natural History

Cheddar Point

Flint blade from Langwith Basset Cave. Upper Palaeolithic tool, 12,500 years old.

This flint point is about 12,500 years old. It was found at the mouth of Langwith Basset Cave, Langwith, Derbyshire, by the Reverend E.H. Mullins while he was excavating on the 4th March 1910. Despite their name, Cheddar points tend to show most use along their longer edge as if they had been used as knives rather than as projectile points.

The term Cheddar point has been given to flint blades which have been modified by obliquely truncating the ends with abrupt retouch to create a trapezoidal outline. There is also retouch along the shorter edge. This artefact also has a shoulder, presumably created to assist with hafting. Cheddar points are associated with the Late Upper Palaeolithic technology known as the Creswellian which is dated at Robin Hood Cave to between 12,600 and 12,300 years ago. Unlike most flints from cave sites where the surface of the flint changes through a process known as patination, this artefact has remained unaltered existing as it did when it was freshly made.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Projectile, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic