Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Points and scrapers © 2000 The British Museum

Points and scrapers

Upper Palaeolithic weapon tips and tools from Mother Grundy's Parlour, 12,000 - 11,000 years old. Made on flint.

This group of flint artefacts was found at Mother Grundy's Parlour, Creswell Crags by A.L. Armstrong during his excavation there between 1923 and 1925. Identical points to these have been found at Pin Hole which are damaged in a way typical of projectiles and it is likely that these were also arrowheads. The scrapers were probably used to clean animal pelts. The group is between about 12,000 and 11,000 years old.

The points, also called penknife points, have a distinctive form and shape with steep, convex retouch along the whole of one edge and the base modified to form a shoulder or tang for hafting. The scrapers are also known as thumbnail scrapers on account of their size and form. All of these artefacts were found in the same context and were probably left behind after a short camping episode during the final stages of the Late Upper Palaeolithic when much of southern lowland Britain was covered by open birch or birch and pine woodland.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Context, Convex, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Projectile, Retouch, Scraper, Tang, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic