Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Weapon fragment embedded in piece of animal rib © 2000 Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology

Weapon fragment embedded in piece of animal rib

Mesolithic weapon tip broken off in bone of wounded animal from Mother Grundy’s Parlour. 9,000 years old.

This piece of animal rib was found by C.B.M. McBurney during his excavation in Mother Grundy's Parlour, Creswell Crags, in 1960. The bone is about 9,000 years old and has a small fragment of flint embedded in it. This fragment probably detached from the flint tip of a weapon which was presumably shot into it during hunting.

Without removing the flint it is impossible to do more than speculate that the flint is the tip of a microlithic arrow point characteristic of the British Mesolithic, the period directly after the Last Cold Stage. The bone is probably from a bovid and has a radiocarbon date of 8,960 ±95 BP (OxA-3453) which places this animal within a woodland environment consisting of pine, oak, elm and hazel trees.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backed blade, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Devensian, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Holocene, Ice Age, Interglacial, Last Cold Stage, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Radiocarbon, Retouch, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic