Exhibition Objects

Welcome to Exploring Objects. Here you can explore the rich collection of objects that have been unearthed from the Creswell Heritage Area. To find an object, type in the words that best describe what you are looking for and click ‘Search’

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Core © 2000 Creswell Heritage Trust


Mesolithic chert waste from Mother Grundy's Parlour. 9,000-8,500 years old.

A chert core excavated by John Campbell in 1969 from the scree and slope deposits on the east side of the platform in front of Mother Grundy’s Parlour, Creswell Crags. Cores were used to produce flakes and blades which could then be worked into specialised tools. This core is probably between 9,000 and 8,500 years old.

Flakes removed from each end of this core have stopped at what appears to be a denser material half way along its length. I the intention had been to remove long slender flakes (blades) this core appears to have been a failure. However, the short broad flakes could have been worked into thumbnail scrapers. The origin of the pale grey chert is unknown although black chert, also used to make tools found at Mother Grundy’s Parlour, has a likely origin in the limestone region of the Peak District to the west of Creswell Crags. This core is probably Mesolithic and there are radiocarbon dates for human use of the cave platform at Mother Grundy’s Parlour between 9,000 and 8,500 years ago.

Glossary: Anatomically modern humans, Artefact, Assemblage, Backed blade, Backing, Biface, Blade, Bronze Age, Cordiform, Core, Cortex, Creswellian, Culture, Debitage, Devensian, Early Upper Palaeolithic, Flake, Flake tool, Glacial, Hafting, Handaxe, Holocene, Ice Age, Interglacial, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Middle Palaeolithic, Neanderthal, Palaeolithic, Pleistocene, Radiocarbon, Radiocarbon dates, Retouch, Scraper, Scree, Sediment, Tool, Upper Palaeolithic