Research Bibliography and References


Research Bibliography

A

Anon. 1876a The remarkable discoveries at Creswell Craggs. Independent, 16th May.

Anon. 1876b The discoveries at Creswell Crags. The Manchester City News, 3rd June.

Anon. 1876c The explorations at Cresswell Crags. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 14th July.

Anon. 1879a The British Association at Sheffield. - No.II. The Manchester Magazine, 2(6), 265-270.

Anon 1879b Donations to the Museum Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 18, 277-278.

Anon. 1880a Mr. Boyd Dawkins and his bone discovery. A scene at the Manchester Geological Society. The Manchester City News, 31st January.

Anon. 1880b Creswell Cave. Discovery of the Machairodus tooth. Transactions of the Manchester Geological Society, 15(17) for 1879-1880, 367.

Anon. 1880c The discoveries in Creswell caves. Animated discussion. The Manchester City News, 29th May.

Anon. 1892 Catalogue of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Anon. 1925a Violation of Notts. relics. The Nottingham Guardian, 24th January.

Anon. 1925b Excavations at Cresswell Crags, Derbyshire. Nature, 115 (2896), 658-659.

Anon. 1926 Mother Grundy's Parlour. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 48, 128-129.

Anon. 1928a Early man in Derbyshire. Mammoth hunters of a far-off time. The Manchester Guardian, 4th February.

Anon. 1928b Engraving on bone. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 11th September.

Anon. 1933 Archaeological exploration in Derbyshire caves. Nature, 132 (3333), 448.

Anon. 1934 Palaeolithic caves in Derbyshire. Nature, 134 (3386), 464.

Anon. 1936a Lions, reindeer and bison lived in Derbyshire. The Evening Chronicle, 12th February.

Anon. 1936b The story of the cavemen. Manchester Guardian, 19th August.

Anon. 1936c Derbyshire caves exhibition. Nature, 138 (3501), 962.

Anon. 1937 Palaeolithic objects from Cresswell Caves. Man, 37, 24.

Anon. 1938 Discoveries on prehistoric sites. Men who lived in Derbyshire cave. Dr. Court's work at Whaley. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 28th January.

Anon. 1948a 35,000-year-old skull. "Lady of Whaley". Daily Telegraph, 10th September.

Anon. 1948b Human skull in stone box. Mr A.L. Armstrong's discovery. Warrington Guardian, 25th September.

Anon. 1959 When cavemen hunted lions in North-east Derbyshire…The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 15th December.

Anon. 1976 Uncovering the past at Steetley Cave. Steetley News, July.

Anon. 1981a New pre-history finds in Crags. Worksop Guardian, 18th December.

Anon. 1981b Ancient finds in Gorge. Mansfield Recorder, 24th December.

Armitage, H. 1939 Early Man in Hallamshire. London:Sampson Low, Marston & Co., Ltd.

Armstrong, A.L. 1923a Cave exploration. Interesting finds at Creswell Crags. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 18th June.

Armstrong, A.L. 1923b Derbyshire search for Palaeolithic man. Manchester Guardian, 18th June.

Armstrong, A.L. 1924a The cave-men and hill-men of Derbyshire and South Yorkshire. Abstracts of papers read at the General Meetings of the Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society in 1924, 11-13.

Armstrong, A.L. 1924b Palaeolithic man in England. The Times, 22nd December.

Armstrong, A.L. 1924c Creswell Crags. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 24th December.

Armstrong, A.L. 1924d Cave archaeology. The Nottingham Guardian, 27th December.

Arsmtrong, A.L. 1925a Creswell Crags. Worksop Guardian, 2nd January.

Arsmtrong, A.L. 1925b Creswell caves. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 7th January.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925c The Creswell Caves. The Nottingham Guardian, 24th January.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925d The Cresswell engravings. Nature, 116 (2906), 48.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925e The cave dwellers of Creswell Crags. A record of recent excavations. Discovery, 6 (67), 265-269.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925f The cave dwellers of Creswell Crags. A record of recent excavations. Discovery, 6 (70), 361-365.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925g Excavations at Mother Grundy's Parlour, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire, 1924. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 55, 146-178.

Armstrong, A.L. 1925h Cresswell caves. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 9th December.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926a Progress at Creswell Crags. Discovery, 7 (73), 6-10.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926b A home of man before the Ice Age. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 30th July.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926c Excavations in the Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Oxford 1926), 392.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926d Excavation at Creswell Crags. Derbyshire 1924-26. The Pin Hole Cave. Read before section H of the British Association, Oxford 1926. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926e Abstract of report on the excavations in the Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. 1924-1926. To be read at the meeting of Section "H" of the British Association on Tuesday August 10th. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1926f Excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire 1924-26. The Pin Hole Cave. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society, 3(2), 116-122.

Armstrong, A.L. (1926g) Palaeolithic man in Derbyshire. Recent discoveries in the Creswell caves. Typescript. The Manchester Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1927a Notes on four examples of Palaeolithic art from Creswell caves, Derbyshire. IPEK Jahrbuch für Prähistorische und Ethnographische Kunst, 10-12.

Armstrong, A.L 1927b The Cave Dwellers of Derbyshire. Manuscript. Sheffield City Museum.

(Armstrong, A.L.) 1928 The cave men of Creswell Crags. The Children's Newspaper, 14th January.

Armstrong, A.L. 1928 Synopsis of paper on: "Recent excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire," to be read before Section H on Monday 10th September. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1929a A report on recent excavations at Cresswell Caves, Derbyshire. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Glasgow 1928), 593.

Armstrong, A.L. 1929b Excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. 1926-28. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society, 3(4) for 1928, 332-334.

Armstrong, A.L. 1930 Pin Hole Cave excavations, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Discovery of an engraved drawing of a masked human figure. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 6 (1) for 1928, 27-29.

Armstrong, A.L. 1931 Excavations in the Pin-Hole Cave, Cresswell, Derbyshire. Man, 31, 113.

Armstrong, A.L. 1932a Excavations in the Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 6(4) for 1931, 330-334.

Armstrong, A.L 1932b A Late Upper Aurignacian station in North Lincolnshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia, 6(4) for 1931, 335-339.

Armstrong, A.L. 1932c Excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. 1928-32. The Pin Hole Cave. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society, 4(2) for 1931-32, 178-184.

Armstrong, A.L. 1932d British Association for the Advancement of Science. Research committee (Section "H") for the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report No.10, 1932. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1934 Twelfth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report on excavations in the Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Aberdeen 1934), 254-255.

Armstrong, A.L. 1935a Twelfth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 55 for 1934, 85-88.

Armstrong, A.L. 1935b Thirteenth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Norwich 1935), 338-340.

Armstrong, A.L. 1936a A bull-roarer of Le Moustier age from Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Antiquaries Journal , 16(3), 322-323.

Armstrong, A.L 1936b The antiquity of man and some cultural elements in early civilisation. Proceedings of the Warrington Literary and Philosophical Society, Sessions 1933-34, 1934-35, 1935-36, 54-60.

Armstrong, A.L 1936c Fourteenth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Blackpool 1936), 307-308.

Armstrong, A.L 1937a Fourteenth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 57 for 1936, 127-129.

Armstrong, A.L. 1937b Cave excavation as a science. Caves and Caving, I (1), 12-13.

Armstrong, A.L 1937c Fifteenth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Nottingham 1937), 300-301.

Armstrong, A.L. 1937d Evidence for climatic variations in the Pleistocene revealed by excavations at Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Nottingham 1937), 355-356.

Armstrong, A.L. 1937e Palaeolithic man in Nottinghamshire. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Nottingham 1937), 395-396.

Armstrong, A.L. (1937) Prehistoric man. Some recent researches in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Typescript: Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. 1938 Sixteenth interim report of the committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Cambridge 1938), 343-344.

(Armstrong, A.L.) 1939a Excavations in Derbyshire during 1938. Palaeolithic. Creswell Crags; Whaley Rockshelter No.2 and Trent Valley Gravels. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 59 for 1938, 81-82.

Armstrong, A.L. 1939b Palaeolithic Man in the North Midlands. Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 83 for 1938-39, 87-116.

Armstrong, A.L. 1939c Seventeenth interim report of the committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 1(1), 125-126.

Armstrong, A.L. 1942 Palaeolithic man in the North Midlands. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 63, 28-60.

Armstrong, A.L. 1948a 'Lady of Whaley'. Palaeolithic human skull discovered. Derbyshire Times, 10th September.

Armstrong, A.L. 1948b Palaeolithic find in Derbyshire. The Nottingham Guardian , 10th September.

(Armstrong, A.L.) 1948 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Archaeological News Letter, No.7, 5-6.

(Armstrong, A.L.) 1949 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 5(20), 356-357.

Armstrong, A.L. 1949a Palaeolithic find in Derbyshire. Bulletin of the Nottinghamshire Rural Science Panel, 26, 2-4.

Armstrong, A.L. 1949b Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association at the Newcastle meeting, 1949. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 69, 69-73.


Armstrong, A.L. 1950 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association at the Birmingham meeting, 1950. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 70, 88-91.

Armstrong, A.L. 1951 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association at the Edinburgh meeting, 1951. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 71, 66-68.

Armstrong, A.L. 1952 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association Sec. H. at the Belfast meeting, 1952. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 72, 133-135.

Armstrong, A.L. 1953 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association, Sec. H. at the Liverpool meeting, 1953. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 73, 102-104.

Armstrong, A.L. 1954 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association, Sec. H. at the Oxford meeting, 1954. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 74, 156-157.

Armstrong, A.L. 1955 Exploration of prehistoric sites in East Derbyshire. Report submitted to the British Association, Sec. H., 1955. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 75, 149-150.

Armstrong, A.L. 1956a Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Ages. In D.L.Linton (ed.) Sheffield and its Region: a Scientific and Historical Survey, 90-110. British Association for the Advancement of Science, London.

Armstrong, A.L. 1956b The Creswell finds. Derbyshire Countryside, 21(6), 26-27.

Armstrong, A.L. 1957a Report on the excavation of Ash Tree Cave, near Whitwell, Derbyshire, 1949 to 1957. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 76 for 1956, 57-64.

Armstrong, A.L. 1957b British Association for the Advancement of Science, Section H - Anthropology. Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report No.29 (1957) of committee appointed for the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. n.d. Creswell Caves Typescript. The Manchester Museum.

Armstrong, A.L. and Court, A. 1950 The discovery of a Palaeolithic skull in a Rockshelter at Whaley, near Creswell. Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society, 6(6), 324-326.

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B

Barker, H., Burleigh, R. and Meeks, N. 1969 British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements VI. Radiocarbon, 11(2), 278-294.

Barker, H., Burleigh, R. and Meeks, N. 1971 British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements VII. Radiocarbon, 13(2), 157-188.

Bohmers, A. 1956 Statistics and graphs in the study of flint assemblages. Palaeohistoria, 5, 1-25.

Bowman, S.G.E., Ambers, J.C. and Leese, M.N. 1990 Re-evaluation of British Museum radiocarbon dates issued between 1980 and 1984. Radiocarbon, 32(1), 59-79.

Bradbury, D.J. 1993 Wd'hus and the Wolf-Hunters. Nottingham: Wheel Publications.

Brelsford, V. 1931 Creswell Caves. East Derbyshire Field Club, 31-37.

Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. eds. 1985 Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association.

Briggs, D.J. and Griffin, C.M. 1985 Sediment provenances in the Creswell Caves. In: Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 139-150.

Brooks I. 1984 The excavation of the first one hundred spits of Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I., Derbyshire. Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire County Councils.

Brooks I. 1985 Excavation techniques in Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I., Derbyshire. Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire County Councils.

Brooks, I. n.d. The excavation of three blocks of sediment removed from Pin Hole
Cave, Creswell Crags, SSSI, Derbyshire. Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire County Councils.

Brooks, I. n.d. The excavation of two blocks of sediment removed from Pin Hole
Cave, Creswell Crags, SSSI, Derbyshire. Unpublished Report. Prehistoric
Archaeological Survey Team, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire County Councils.

Brooks, I.P. (*) Breaking the Stoney Silence *

Brothwell, D.R. 1961 An Upper Palaeolithic skull from Whaley Rockshelter No.2, Derbyshire. Man, 61, 113-116.

Brothwell, D.R. 1981 Digging up Bones. The excavation, treatment and study of human skeletal remains. 3rd edition. British Museum (Natural History): Oxford University Press.

Brown, I.J. 1968 Notes on the caves of Anston Stones near Sheffield. Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society, 3(5), 287-289.

Burdukiewicz, J.M. 1986 The Late Pleistocene shouldered point assemblages in Western Europe. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Burkitt, M.C. and Armstrong, A.L. 1950 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report No.21 (1949) of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 7(25), 99-100.

Burkitt, M.C. and Armstrong, A.L. 1951 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report No.22 (1950) of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 8(29), 93-94.

Burkitt, M.C. and Armstrong, A.L. 1954 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report No.25 (1953) of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 11(41), 111-112.

Burkitt, M.C. and Armstrong, A.L. 1955 Exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Interim report No.26 (1954) of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The Advancement of Science, 12(45),128.

Burkitt, M.C. and Armstrong, A.L. 1958 British Association for the Advancement of Science Section H. Report of the committee for the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district: 1958. Typescript. The Manchester Museum.

Burkitt, M.C. and Favell, R.V. 1933 Eleventh interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Leicester 1933), 299-300.

Burleigh, R., Ambers, J. and Matthews, K. 1982 British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements XV. Radiocarbon, 24(3), 262-290.

Burleigh, R., Hewson, A. and Meeks, N. 1976 British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements VIII. Radiocarbon, 18(1), 16-42.

Burr, W.T.G. 1904 Creswell Crags. Transactions of the East Derbyshire Field Club, 2, unpaginated.

Burr, W.T.G. 1910 Creswell Crags. Transactions of the East Derbyshire Field Club, 8, 5-7

Busk, G. 1875 List of the mammalian remains collected by the Rev. J.M. Mello in the rock-fissure cavern in Creswell Crags, Derbyshire. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 31(4), 683-691.

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C

Campbell, J.B. 1970a Excavations at Creswell Crags: preliminary report. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 89 for 1969, 47-58.

Campbell, J.B. 1970b Peakland Archaeological Society Newsletter, 25, 13-15.

Campbell, J.B. 1971 The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of British Upper Palaeolithic Cultural Material and its Relation to Environmental and Chronological Evidence. Unpublished D. Phil. Thesis, University of Oxford.

Campbell, J.B. 1977 The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of man and nature during the Late Ice Age. Oxford : Clarendon press.

Campbell, J.B. 1980 Le problèm des subdivisions du Paléolithique supérieur britannique dans son cadre européen. Bulletin de la Société royale belge d'Anthropologie et de Préhistoire, 91, 39-77.

Campbell, J.B. 1986 Hiatus and continuity in the British Upper Palaeolithic: a view from the Antipodes. In: Roe, D.A. (ed.) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and Northwest Europe. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series 296, 7-42.

Carr, J.W. 1893 A Contribution to the Geology and Natural History of Nottinghamshire for the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Nottingham meeting, 1893. Nottingham: James Bell.

Carr, J.W. and Swinnerton, H.H. 1914 Report of an excursion to the Nottingham district. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 24(2), 84-89.

Chamberlain, A.T. 1996 More dating evidence for human remains in British caves. Antiquity, 70, 950-953.

Charles, R. 1990 Faunal Remains and the 'Human Factor'. A study of the Faunal Remains from the Robin Hood Cave, Creswell Crags. Unpublished B.A. dissertation, Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge.

Charles, R. and Jacobi, R.M. 1994 The Lateglacial fauna from the Robin Hood Cave, Creswell Crags: a re-assessment. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 13(1), 1-32.

Coles, C.G 1985 The Quaternary Palaeoecology of North Derbyshire; a brief review. In Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. & Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District and Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association

Coles, G. 1988 Aspects of the application of Palynology to Cave Deposits in the Magnesian Limestone Region of North Nottinghamshire. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield.

Coles, G.M., Gilbertson, D.D., Hunt, C.O. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1989 Taphonomy and the palynology of cave deposits. Cave Science, 16(3), 83-89.

Coles, G.M., Hunt, C.O. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1985 Robin Hood's Cave: Palynology. In: Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 178-182.

Collcutt, S.N. 1975 The Stratigraphy of Creswell Crags. Unpublished M.A Thesis, University of Edinburgh.

Collins, E. 1985 The Taphonomy of Molluscan Faunas from the Lake and Gorge at Creswell Crags SSSI. BA Dissertation The University of Sheffield.

Coulson, S.D. 1981 Middle Palaeolithic Industries of Great Britain Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of London.

Couslon, S.D. 1990 Middle Palaeolithic Industries of Great Britain. Bonn: Holos.

Court, A. 1939 Excavations in Derbyshire during 1938. Roman. Whaley Valley. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 59 for 1938, 84-87.

Court, A. 1946 Staveley. My Native Town. Some Historical Notes of the Parish. Sheffield : J.W. Northend Ltd.

Cowles G.S. 1981 The first evidence of Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo and pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus in Britain. British Ornithologist Club Bulletin, 101(4), 383-4.

Cresswell, E. 1984 Investigation of the river Wollen and tributaries leading into Crags pond and Creswell Crags. Unpublished Report

Cuttle, . 1875 Explorations in the caves at Cresswell Craggs. Derbyshire Courier, 23rd October.

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D

Davis, J.W. 1889 Second report of the committee, consisting of Sir John Lubbock, Dr. John Evans, Professor Boyd Dawkins, Dr. Robert Munro, Mr. Pengelly, Dr. Henry Hicks, Professor Meldola, Dr. Muirhead, and Mr. James W. Davies, appointed for the purpose of ascertaining and recording the localities in the British Islands in which evidence of the existence of prehistoric inhabitants of the country are found. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Bath 1888), 289-316.

Davies, C. n.d. Cave- and Cliff-nesting swallows in Derbyshire and the Peak. University of Manchester Manusript.

Dawkins, W.B. 1869 On the distribution of the British Postglacial mammals. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 25(2), 192-217.

Dawkins, W.B. 1876a Recent discoveries in caves in Derbyshire. The Pall Mall Gazette, 23 (3476: 8th April), 11-12.

Dawkins, W.B. 1876b Abstract by Professor W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., of a paper entitled The bone caves of Creswell Crags. By the Rev. J.M. Mole, F.G.S. - On the mammalia and traces of man found in the Robin Hood Cave. By Professor W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S. Read at the Geological Society, April 5, 1876. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, 6(1), 95-97.

Dawkins, W.B. 1876c On the mammalia and traces of Man found in the Robin-Hood Cave. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 32(3), 245-258.

(Dawkins, W.B.) 1877a Recent discoveries in Derbyshire. The Pall Mall Gazette, 25 (3796: 20th April), 10-11.

Dawkins, W.B. 1877b On the mammal-fauna of the caves of Creswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 33(3), 589-612.


Dawkins, W.B. 1878 On the evidence afforded by the caves of Great Britain as to the antiquity of man. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, 7(2), 151-162.

Dawkins, W.B. 1879a On the bone caves of Derbyshire. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Sheffield 1879), 337-338.

Dawkins, W.B. 1879b The Cresswell cave exploration, 1876. Nature, 21(527), 106-107.

Dawkins, W.B. 1910 The arrival of man in Britain in the Pleistocene Age. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 40, 233-263.

Dawkins, W.B. 1925a Late Palaeolithic art in the Cresswell Caves. Man, 25, 48.

Dawkins, W.B. 1925b Late Palaeolithic art in the Cresswell Caves. Nature, 115(2888), 336.

Dawkins, W.B. and Mello, J.M. 1879 Further discoveries in the Cresswell caves. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 35(4), 724-735.

Dawkins, W.B. and Sanford W.A. 1869 Felis spelaea, concluded, with F.lynx. A monograph of the British Pleistocene Mammalia I. Annual Volume of the Palaeontographical Society, 22, 125-176.

Duckworth, W.L.H. and Swainson, F.E. 1895 A new Ossiferous Fissure in Creswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51(2), 237.

Dudley, T. 1993 Ash Tree Cave, Whitwell, Derbyshire. An examination and analysis of the excavations between 1939 and 1960. Unpublished B.A. Dissertation, University of Nottingham.

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E

Egerton, J. 1984 George Stubbs and the landscape of Creswell Crags. The Burlington Magazine, 126, 738-743.

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F

Fisher, F. 1959 Notes and news, 1959. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 79, 130-133.

Feiller, N.R.J., Gilbertson, D.D., Briggs, D.J., Griffin, C.M., Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1987 The First Use of Log Skew Laplace Distributions to Model the Textural Properties of Cave Sediments. Research Report 301/87 Department of Probability and Statistics, The University of Sheffield.

Fieller N.R.J., Gilbertson, D.D., Briggs, D.J., Griffin, C.M., Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1992 The Statistical Modelling of the Grain Size Distributions of Cave Sediments Using Log Skew Laplace Distributions: Creswell Crags, Near Sheffield, England Journal of Archaeological Science, 19, 129-150.

Frederick, C.D. 1998 Assessment of the Pin Hole Cave Sediment Archive. Unpublished Report Creswell Heritage Trust.

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G

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1922 Interim report of the committee for the archaeological exploration of Derbyshire caves. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1923a Committee for the archaeological exploration of Derbyshire caves. Interim report No.2., July 1923. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1923b Derbyshire Caves. Report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Hull 1922), 336.

Garfitt, G.A. 1924 An Aurignac site in Derbyshire. Antiquaries Journal, 4(4), 404-405.

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1924 Committee for the archaeological exploration of Derbyshire caves. Interim report No.3. July 1924. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1927 Derbyshire caves. - Interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Leeds 1927), 301-303.

(Garfitt, G.A.) 1930 British Association for the Advancement of Science Committee for the archaeological exploration of Derbyshire caves. Interim report. 1930. Typescript. Sheffield City Museum.

Garfitt, G.A. 1932 Derbyshire caves. - Interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (London 1931), 274-275.

Garrod, D.A.E. 1926 The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Garrod, D.A.E. 1927 Derbyshire caves. - Interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. Report of excavations at Langwith Cave, Derbyshire : April 11-27, 1927. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Leeds 1927), 303.

Gentles, D. 1984 Micro-climatology of cave fires. Unpublished Report

Gentles, D.S. and Smithson, P.A. 1986 Fires in caves : effects on temperature and airflow. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society, 17(3), 205-217.

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Hall, J. n.d. Pin Hole Rodent Fauna. Unpublished BSc Thesis, University of Manchester.

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Heath, T. 1879c Creswell Crags bone caves. The Manchester City News, 8th November.

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Heath T. 1880a Mr. Boyd Dawkins and Creswell caves. The Manchester City News, 3rd January.

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Hedges, R.E.M., Pettitt, P.B., Bronk Ramsey, C. and Klinken, G.J.van. 1998b Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry datelist 26. Archaeometry, 40(2), 437-455.

Hunt, C.O. 1989 Molluscs from A.L. Armstrong's excavations in Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags. Cave Science, 16(3), 97-100.

Hunt, C.O. 1994 The Karst and Caves of Creswell Crags. Department of Geographical & Environmental Sciences, The University of Huddersfield.

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Jackson, J.W. 1913a On the occurrence of the Lynx in North Wales and Derbyshire. The Geological Magazine, Decade V, 10(6), 259-262.

Jackson, J.W. 1913b Some cave notes. The Lancashire Naturalist, 6, 39-40.

Jackson, J.W. 1925 The Cresswell engravings. Nature, 115(2901), 874.

Jackson, J.W. 1926 Recent cave exploration in Derbyshire. The North Western Naturalist, I(3), 129-132.

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Jackson, J.W. 1929a Creswell Caves. Transactions of the Lancashire & Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 44 for 1927, 1-7.

Jackson, J.W. 1929b Remains of lemmings in Derbyshire caves. The Naturalist, March, 105-107.

Jackson, J. W. 1934 Twelfth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The rodent remains from the Pin Hole Cave. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Aberdeen 1934), 256-257.

Jackson, J. W. 1935 Twelfth interim report of committee appointed to co-operate with a committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute in the exploration of caves in the Derbyshire district. The rodent remains from the Pin Hole Cave. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 55 for 1934, 90-92.

Jackson, J.W. 1937 Cave-hunting. Transactions of the Rochdale Literary and Scientific Society, 19, 72-81.

Jackson, J.W. 1947 The Upper Pleistocene fauna and its relation to the Ice Age. Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society, 19(4), 165-183.

Jackson, J. W. 1956 The Creswell Finds. Derbyshire Countryside, 21(6), 27.

Jackson, J.W. 1962 Archaeology and Palaeontology. In : Cullingford, C.H.D. (ed.) British Caving : an Introduction to Speleology. London : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 252-346.

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Jacobi, R.M. 1997 The "Creswellian" in Britain. In: Fagnart, J-P. and Thévenin, A. (eds) Le Tardiglaciaire en Europe du Nord-Ouest. Actes du 119e Congrés national des Sociétés historiques et scientifiques, Amiens 1994. Paris: Éditions du CTHS, 497-505.

Jacobi, R.M. (in prep) Creswell Crags SSSI Derbyshire / Nottinghamshire. English Nature Geological Conservation Review

Jacobi, R.M., Rowe, P.J., Gilmour, M.A., Grün, R. and Atkinson, T.C. 1998 Radiometric dating of the Middle Palaeolithic tool industry and associated fauna of Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, England. Journal of Quaternary Science, 13(1), 29-42.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1978 The archaeological caves and rockshelters in the Creswell Crags area. Creswell Crags Visitor Centre Research Report No. 1, Nottinghamshire County Council.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1983a The Archaeological Site of Creswell Crags. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1983b The recent history of northern lynx, (Lynx lynx Linné) in the British Isles. Quaternary Newsletter, 41, 1-7.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1984a Creswell Crags: Late Pleistocene Sites in the East Midlands. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 122.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1984b A rapid but short lived colonisation of the British Isles by the Northern Lynx. In Jenkinson R.D.S. & Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1984c Vertebrate species turnover rates at Creswell Crags, 70,000 to 9,000 B.P. In Jenkinson R.D.S. & Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1985a Creswell Crags Visitor Centre Resource Collections. Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire County Councils.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1985b Dead Man's Cave, North Anston. In : Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge : Quaternary Research Association, 128-129.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1985c Creswell Crags S.S.S.I. In: Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 131-134.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. 1985d Creswell Crags Visitor Centre. In: Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 157-158.

Jenkinson R.D.S. 1989a The archaeological caves of Creswell Crags. Cave Science, 16(3), 91-94.

Jenkinson R.D.S. 1989b Pin Hole Cave, Creswell. Cave Science, 16(3), 95.

Jenkinson R.D.S., Atkinson, T.C., Gilbertson, D.D., Hunt, C.O. and Rowe, P.J. n.d. A milder interlude around 165 ka: evidence from Creswell Crags S.S.S.I., U.K. Typescript. Creswell Crags Visitor Centre.

Jenkinson, R.D.S., Blackham, A., Cartledge, K., Coles, G.M., Griffin, C.M., Hillam, J., Hunt, C.O., Norris, M., Pyatt, F.B., Row, D., and Row, R. 1984 Creswell Crags - towards a natural history. In Jenkinson R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson, R.D.S., Bramwell, D., Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D., Griffin, C.M., Stebbings, R.E., Watts, C.J. and Wilkinson, M. 1982 Death of a Wolf. Creswell Crags Visitor Centre Report No.3. Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire County Councils.

Jenkinson, R.D.S, Bramwell, D., Cartledge D, Griffin, C.M., Hunt, C.O., Gilbertson, D.D., Sampson, C. 1984 Steetley Quarry Cave: a 'lost' Ipswichian interglacial site and Steetley Cave: a five thousand year old badger den. In Jenkinson, R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson, R.D.S and Bramwell, D. 1982 The birds of Britain when did they arrive? In Jenkinson R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson, R.D.S., Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D., Griffin, C.M., Watts, C.J. n.d. The palaeoecology and geomorphology of Creswell Crags : Dog Hole Fissure. Unpublished Manuscript

Jenkinson, R.D.S. and Briggs, D.J., Griffin C.M., Stebbings R.E., Watts, C.M. Death, disarticulation and decay in an eight thousand year old rock fall. In Jenkinson, R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

Jenkinson R.D.S., Gilbertson, D.D., Coles, G.M., Hunt, C.O. and Rowe, P.J. n.d. The re-interpretation of the age and provenance of a human mandible from the west chamber of Robin Hood's Cave, Creswell Crags. Typescript. Creswell Crags Visitor Centre.

Jenkinson R.D.S, Gilbertson, D.D. and Griffin, C.M. 1983 A hydraulic ram method for obtaining 'undisturbed' core samples from Quaternary cave sediments. Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 94(2), 187-190.

Jenkinson R.D.S, Gilbertson, D.D., Griffin, C.M., Hunt, C.O., Rowe, P.J. and Coles, G.M. 1986 New Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Robin Hood's Cave, Creswell Crags SSSI, U.K. In: Roe, D.A. (ed) Studies in the Upper Palaeolithic of Britain and Northwest Europe. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series 296, 89-98.

Jenkinson, R.D.S. and Gwynne-Griffiths, G.F. 1986 A reappraisal of the Late Upper Palaeolithic occupation of Dead Man's Cave, North Anston. In : Manby, T.G. and Turnbull, P. (eds) Archaeology in the Pennines. Studies in Honour of Arthur Raistrick. Oxford : British Archaeological Reports British Series 158, 29-53.

Jenkinson, R.D.S., Hunt, C.O., and Brooks, I. 1985 Pinhole Cave. In: Briggs, D.J., Gilbertson, D.D. and Jenkinson, R.D.S. (eds) Peak District & Northern Dukeries Field Guide. Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association, 135-138.

Jenkinson, R.D.S and Sutherland, S.A. Changes in European geese and duck migration patterns during the Quaternary. In Jenkinson R.D.S. and Gilbertson, D.D. 1984 In the Shadow of Extinction: A Quaternary Archaeology and Palaeoecology of the Lake, Fissures and Smaller Caves at Creswell Crags, S.S.S.I. Sheffield: University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.

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Kaldi, J. 1978 Geological Survey of Creswell Crags. Unpublished Report.

Keith, A. 1912 Ancient Types of Man (2nd edition). London : Harper & brothers.

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Laing, R. 1890 On the bone caves of Cresswell, and discovery of an extinct Pleiocene feline ( Felis brevirostris) new to Great Britain. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1889), 582-584.

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Manby, T.G. 1966 Creswellian site at Brigham, East Yorkshire. Antiquaries Journal, 46, 211-228.

Mason, F.A. 1931 Entomogenous fungi from a Derbyshire cave : Stilbella kervillei Lindau, newly recorded in Britain. The Journal of Botany, 69(824), 205-207.

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McComb, P. 1989 Upper Palaeolithic Osseous Artifacts from Britain and Belgium: an Inventory and Technological Description. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series 481.

McConnell A., 1986 Microscopy and Submicroscopy of Cave Sediments. Unpublished Report Department of Geography, University of Sheffield.

Mcness, L 1984 Taphonomy of micro-vertebrates in caves. Unpublished MA Dissertation The University of Sheffield

Mellars, P.A. 1969 Radiocarbon dates for a new Creswellian site. Antiquity, 43, 308-310.

Mello, J.M. 1875 On some bone-caves in Creswell Crags. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 31(4), 679-683.

Mello, J.M. 1876a The discoveries in Creswell Crags. The Manchester Guardian, 10th May.

Mello, J.M. 1876b The bone-caves of Creswell Crags. - 2nd paper. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 32(3), 240-244.

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Mello, J.M. 1877a The bone-caves of Creswell Crags - 3rd paper. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 33(3), 579-588.

Mello, J.M. 1877b Caves and their occupants. Illustrated by the bone caves of Creswell Crags. The Popular Science Review, New Series 1(4), 369-389.

Mello, J.M. 1878 Les cavernes quaternaires de Creswell (Angleterre). Association française pour l'Avancement des Sciences, Le Havre 1877, 702-705.

Mello, J.M. 1879a Caves and their occupants. Annual Report of the Burton-on-Trent Natural History & Archaeological Society, 3 for 1878-1879, 27-31.

Mello, J.M. 1879b Palaeolithic man at Creswell. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 1, 15-24.

Mello, J.M. 1879c Creswell Crags bone caves: fraud or hoax. The Manchester City News, 1st November.

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Metcalfe, A.T. 1885a On the discovery in one of the bone-caves of Creswell Crags of a portion of the upper jaw of Elephas primigenius, containing in-situ the first and second milk-molars (right side). Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 41(1), 30.

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Oakley, K.P. 1959 Who polished the Pin Hole bones ? The New Scientist, 6(160), 1173.

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Pearson, T. 1986 The mechanical weathering of Magnesian Limestone: A preliminary study of the breakdown of the Magnesian Limestone of Creswell Crags under simulated Freeze-thaw conditions. MA. Thesis. The University of Sheffield.

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Radley, J. 1968 Excavations at a rockshelter at Whaley, Derbyshire. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 87 for 1967, 1-17.

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